SEED Activities

Development of trophy hunting programs

Hunting has deep roots in Pakistani culture and is extremely popular even today despite a ban on hunting without a license in most of the country including the NAs.

To reduce illegal hunting activities trophy hunting program is been introduced in many areas of Pakistan.
The income generated from hunting can be used for community support and conservation purposes. Particularly for CKNP, trophy hunting is an important motivation and incentive for local communities to support conservation efforts and assist in the implementation of the management plan. Other incentives for conservation engagement of communities are currently inexistent in CKNP: Communities has no rights on natural resources in the park or buffer zone and consequently are not able to generate revenue from the sustainable management of these resources.

The development of a trophy hunting program (cum VCC) includes the following steps:

  • Identifications of suitable sites surrounding the CKNP region for future trophy hunting program through wildlife survey
    • Develop and implementation of community conservation plans.
    • Approval of draft trophy hunting procedures by government.
    • Issuance of trophy hunting permits and other legal formalities.

The identification of areas primarily depends on the wildlife distribution and availability. Consequently, the first step is a review of existing data that informs about the status and development of wildlife species and if necessary, initiation of own wildlife survey and monitoring activities. A focus will be buffer zone areas with access to Park Forest areas, and communities that are reported to feature a high rate of wildlife poaching incidents. In coordination and synergy with other activities supporting alternative livelihood options, the SEED project will focus on Braldo and Basha Valleys when defining trophy hunting areas, however, also other valleys will be assessed.

trophy hunting

Promote safe gemstone mining techniques in CKNP area

4 training events will be organized with miners to introduce new mining techniques along with the provision of contemporary equipment and tools. The techniques feature a lower scrap rate, improve the safety and health of miners at work and reduce the negative environmental impact. If required (based on review of existing data),a baseline on gemstone deposits will be established


Provision of capacity building for local gemstone cutting and polishing

 5 courses including 50 people on quality gemstone cutting and polishing will be held

gemstong cutting

Improvement/installation of water supply schemes for communities

Construction of 13 irrigation channels and 4 storage reservoirs which lead to develop new lands. This will  increase agriculture products which ultimately provide food security. Installation of 15 water supply schemes will reduce workload on women and also reduce water born diseases in the Braldo and Basha Valleys.

water supply scheme

Implementation measures to improve water quality

Water quality monitoring (a permanent scheme will be established) will be carried out for Braldo, Basha and Shigar valleys. For this purpose the water quality laboratory at KIU will be upgraded and KIU staff’s capacity by part of a permanent water quality monitoring scheme for CKNP buffer zone will be developed. Based on the outcome of the first round of monitoring, improvements regarding drinking water quality and measures to reduce water pollution will be put in place.



Provision of capacity building for local community administrations and CKNP management in water quality and sanitation control

Trainings for CKNP staff and community health representatives in water quality analysis, advise communities in toilet construction techniques and septic tank management

water quality n san

Awareness raising for local communities on gender inclusion and improvement of community organization

9 gender workshops will be conducted in different villages and 4 LSOs (local support organizations) formed and supported.

 raising com awareness

Improvement of access ways

Construction of  8 link roads will be constructed to provide   access to communities to market and other social sector facilities in Braldo Valley. The AKRSP Engineers will do the survey and cost estimation while community people will construct the roads and after completion these projects will be maintained. Communities will also generate a maintenance fund and keep in a bank on the name of the village organisation.

road at braldu

Assess local sustainable natural resource use techniques and practices

Evaluation of local best practices for NRM and environmental risk management, assess potential for improvement/promotion/up scaling

nat res tech

Test and evaluate best practices for sustainable natural resource management

Establishment of pilots based technological/financial or organizational inputs and dissemination of successes

Training in natural resource management best practices at community level

Training needs and best practices evaluated as basis for 5 training courses/workshops on NRM for park communities and key stakeholders in 8 valleys: Braldo, Basha, Hushe, Tormik, Thaley, Balgar, Astak, Haramosh, Bagrote and Hisper.

nat re2

Engage local media in mass awareness and sensitization for conservation

This is a component of the awareness raising and sensitization for environmental issues and protect strategy developed by WWF. It includes radio programs, development of dissemination material, exposure visits for journalists, development of a documentary and inclusion of conservation in religious outreach


Mobilizing communities for participation in conservation and sustainable use of Park resources

Establishment of sustainable valley conservation committees and conservation plan and mechanisms for implementation for 4 valleys: including Braldo and Basha. Baseline on natural resources and wildlife established and mapped. VCCs submitted to NA for notification as CCAs.

mobilioxng comm

 Raising community awareness about their role in CKNP management

30 community meetings/ field workshops will be organized during quarter of each year, Where the park buffer zone communities informed about the utilization of natural resources, park regulations and developments concerning CKNP will be discussed.

raising awar

Assess potential for increased production and marketing of local agricultural products

Survey and literature research carried out to assess potential of different agricultural products for livelihood improvement in CKNP. Baseline of suitable products is established, participation of communities explored, participatory schemes proposed, marketing potential as well as techniques and technical requirements assessed


Devise and Install systems and provide training for environmentally sound, safe and hygienic production and processing of agricultural products

Systems for processing packaging of agricultural products are put into place and production is initiated

devise n instal

Enable market access for local agricultural products

Legal basis is established, marketing partners identified and agreements signed

Establishment of fruit nurseries and training for improved productivity and marketing for local farmers

Establishing 20 fruit nurseries  Braldo and Basha Valley by providing quality grafted fruit trees to farmers. 8 nursery management and buckwheat production trainings will be held with 8 nursery owners and buckwheat producers. 300 farmers will be supported in buckwheat production increase by providing inputs required for buckwheat production and small machines to cleanup, prepare and to pack buck wheat. The farmers skills will be enhanced by organizing exchange visits

mktng local far

 Promotion of off-season vegetable farming and seedling production

Establishment of 80 small green houses and 5 trainings provided to 80 farmers. Due to availability of fresh vegetables, health status of the people in the area will be improved and cash income supported, without affecting the land cover (expansion of agricultural land)

farm sed

Improve livestock and pasture management

Implementation of an integrated program to sustainably improve pasture management to decrease environmental-impact of livestock rearing, and to protect wildlife and livestock alike in Hushe, Balgar, Thaley,  Braldo, Basha, Nar, Baicha, Haramosh, Bagrote, Danyore, Sikanderabad and Hisper, focusing predominantly on Braldo, Basha and Bagrot. This activity includes the protection of livestock from predation through improvements of sheds and community-based insurance schemes, monitoring and baseline through watch and ward systems and wildlife monitoring, as well as provision of qualitative improvements regarding existing livestock, including vaccination campaigns and improvement of breeding techniques and support for cultivation of improved fodder species on farmland


Improve capacity of Lady Health Workers (LWHs) and Trained Birth Attendants (TBAs)

Training of 40 women in 4 training courses as TBA (Trained Birth Attendants) to decrease birth-mortality

Establishment of a health-service network for Braldo-Shigar

Under the lead of the dispensary in Askole a health-service network will be established to improve the health services of the area by render them more effective, relevant (with regard to health needs) and strategic.  A  standardized health intervention program (package) will be developed in consultation with key stakeholders. The implementation of the program will include a coordination, consultation and reference mechanism for 4 dispensaries in Braldo and Shigar including community health posts; supply and capacity building for the dispensary in Askole; establishment of a  training system for dispensary staff and local health posts (training of trainers); setup of a mobile dispensary (ambulance and implementing local training and awareness activities of the health program in coordination with the trainings and awareness raising activities carried out by AKRSP


Raise awareness for hygiene and health issues at community-level

32 workshop will be held on basic health and hygiene issues in communities


Conduct teacher training courses

60 teachers from different schools are trained in new teaching methods in 6 training courses

t tr

Provide contemporary teaching aids for local schools

14 school (primary, middle, and high) are provided with contemporary teaching aids

Improve facilities/infrastructure of local school buildings

16 schools are renovated, repaired, extended or supplied with basic facilities (power, water, toilets)



Community awareness raising for the importance of education

Conducting 14 workshops in communities, sensitizing around 300 women and men on the importance of education for girls

Establishment of a new faculty for integrated mountain area development studies and applied research

Establishment of multidisciplinary Department for Mountain studies, this will include disciplines from natural sciences, social studies, economics in order to assist the sustainable development of CKNP buffer zone and NA. Carrying out 20 PhD thesis by KIU students in fields relevant for the development of CKNP buffer zone region and management of CKNP. The programs will exploit synergies with other project activities and will form the department. the PhD courses are provided with equipment and funds to participate to international conferences and opportunities for publishing


Establishment of an International panel of natural resource experts at KIU aimed at supporting CKNP management

5 national and 5 international experts, collaborating in the project to hold 1 workshop per year. This panel aims at identifying areas for PhDs, elaborate research strategies for problems of NA and especially with regard to CKNP management.

Installation of a water supply scheme for KIU campus

A drinking water supply scheme for KIU campus is established. The water supply will be secured through a pipeline from Karga Nalla to KIU Campus

water scheme for kiu

Installation of a renewable energy supply scheme for KIU campus

An environmentally sustainable power plant (PV-based) producing around 100 KW will be established to secure power supply for KIU campus

energy supp kiu

Development of an interactive web portal for CKNP and Northern Areas

Development of a web portal for the project including capacity building for KIU for portal administration and provision of equipment necessary to run it. The portal will build on the CKNP-website and web portal developed in the framework of the HKKH Partnership Project and aims at supporting dissemination and outreach of project outputs, as well as integration of information and outputs of other initiative ongoing in CKNP. Ultimately, the site shall be used by  CKNP management as official site for the CKNP with KIU as web-master. Synergies and possible integration of existing sites will be sought. The web portal could be extended to disseminate information on other major ongoing project’s in CKNP: KT 2nd phase, NGO


Development of an integrated management-oriented research program for the project’s research activities

An integrated cutting-edge research concept, strategy and program is developed, based on cutting-edge approaches to integrated research for adaptive ecosystem management


Conducting management-oriented environmental research and monitoring to support the CKNP planning and implementation process

Carrying out research activities in fields most relevant for the CKNP management planning and implementation, such as water, glacier, wildlife, forest, biodiversity, agricultural resources and with regard to key data gaps in the existing database on CKNP. The research will build on the achievements of the HKKH project and bridge the gap to studies on climate change adaption taken up by the KT2 project. A key research areas are concerned with studying and establishment of monitoring plans for wildlife populations and habitats as a basis to define reintegration and management plans for wildlife.


 Installation and operation of AWS (Automatic Weather Stations)

After measurement for determination of the best locations, Installation of 2 new AWS station. A scheme for continuous monitoring in the framework of important global atmospheric observation networks is established with KIU and PMD

weather stationm

Afforestation and social forestry interventions carried out in vulnerable watershed areas

Site selection and plantation on community land  in consultation with local communities and coordinated with the research activities. Plantation of  fast growing multipurpose native species with extensive root systems like Sea buckthorn, Willow, Salix and Mulberry  plants in vulnerable watersheds. Involvement of communities in carrying out plantations at site which includes signing of an agreement (terms of partnership) between the project and target communities for post plantation care and maintenance


Assessment of local livelihood opportunities, risks and changes

Survey on local livelihoods and livelihood changes carried out for Braldo and Basha Valleys to calibrate the community-development interventions to the specifics of the site, ensure that poor households and people benefit from the project intervention and to better understand and draw conclusions on the impact to the project intervention on people’s livelihoods.


 Recruitment of new staff and support to Forestry Department to meet the salary need for existing CKNP staff

Salaries according to the presidential package provided for 5 years to existing staff: 1 director, 1 deputy project director, 1 plant ecologist, 1 admin officer, 3 range forest officers, 1 game inspector, 2 naib qasids. New staff hired for 5 years: 1 deputy project director, 1 social scientist, 1 GIS analyst, 1 computer operator, 3 game inspectors, 25 field staff, 3 drivers, 1 naib qasid, 2 office chowkidars

Establishment of an ecologically sustainable CKNP headquarter

CKNP directorate does not have their own office building. This drawback for the management of CKNP is going be resolved by the establishment of a CKNP directorate headquarter in Skardu. The headquarter will be built as an ecologically sustainable office-complex, relying on renewable energy sources for operation, such as a solar water heating system, a small scale wastewater treatment and proper insulation techniques. The CKNP headquarter shall become a model for the potential of eco-sustainable construction in the area and serve at the same time as a pilot for testing of new small-scale/rural eco-technologies.

eco susta cknp HQ

Provision of working equipment for CKNP staff

Provision of equipment to CKNP directorate: Shoes Tents (2 pax),Field Bag Packs, Sleeping Bags, Trekking Sticks, Field Head, Field Coats, Field Trousers,  Bottles, Tents (2 pax) Tents (4 pax),Camping Chairs, Camping Tables, Mattress, Spotting Scope with Tripod, Trap Camera System, Binoculars, handheld portable 2-way radio transceiver, Solar Lamps, Night Vision Binoculars, Laser Telemeter, Compass, Land rover 4×4 ,Toyota pickups 5 door, Motorbikes, computers (Pentium-4), Printer, Scanner, Multimedia ,Video, Camera ,Digital camera ,Field torch, GIS license and software, plotter, Increment borer, Tropez clinometers, altimeter, range finder

Capacity building for key stakeholder involved in CKNP management

Training courses, permanent trainings exchange visits and participation to relevant conferences and learning events, as well as permanent support of management processes by scientific experts. Key stakeholders include department of forest and CKNP management staff and representatives of community-based natural resource management institutions (VCCs, DCCs). Possible trainings:  GIS, forestry and forest ecology, wildlife monitoring, social, livelihood surveys and PRA, GPS, mapping, hydrology, environmental. Hazards, basic computer course, hydrology, waste management, tourism, visitor registration, natural resources, protected area management, park management.


Establishment and implementation of sanitation maintenance- and waste management schemes for existing campsites along major trekking routes

Camp manager and assistant managers for 5 campsites will be trained and their salaries covered for 5 years. Also, all management and maintenance related expenses will be covered. A sustainable maintenance scheme for campsite toilets and solid waste management will be put in place. The dispensary in Payu will be equipped with new supplies and a trained paramedic.

- Establishment and implementation of sanitation maintenance

Development of managed land in Askole in relation and infrastructural improvements of existing campsites

The place selected for the campsite and entrance point (Askole) established  will be equipped with irrigation facilities, the arable land will be used by Askole community. Toilets  will be set up in Bardomal, Korofong and Hushe campsites and included in the toilet management scheme established.


 Establishment of tree plantations in Hispar campsite

 Plantation of native plants with higher growth rate and multiple uses in Hisper campsite.


 Establishment and improvement of Park Entrance Points including camping, CKNP field office and visitor registration facilities

 Building of the main park entrance point in Askole and setting up a small infrastructure for visitor registration and CKNP field staff lodging in Hushe Park entrance. The main park entrance will be fenced and include sanitary facilities (for camp management staff, visitors of the campsite and CKNP field staff), equipment storage room, visitor registration/reception, CKNP field office and accommodation for CKNP field staff.

park entran

 Establish visitor information and registration for CKNP

 Establishment of  Visitor information centres at park entrances, and information points at strategic locations in Gilgit and Skardu. Collection and development of  Information material. Establishment of an electronic visitor registration system including park entrances in Askole and Hushe and park office in Skardu.  This will allowing to assess visitor flows, spatial and temporal visitor distribution. Equipping  the park entrance points with a small permanent field office and park staff for this purpose. A visitor survey will be conducted assessing visitor satisfaction, main areas for service improvement and tourist profiles to support tourism promotion and problems with respect to increasing visitor flows.

Improvement of Park signage

Installation of signage on six important trekking routes in the Park of CKPN and 60 signage in Buffer zone for one trekking route, including Basic information about track, rule regulation of the park, Camping facilities.


Carry out trail upkeep and maintenance services

In the CKNP area 69 treks have been identified, having estimated length 172 km, calculating the exact length of the tracks in this activity. Six important treks will be repaired and a system for annual up keeping of these trek will be developed its estimated length calculated 30 km

trail mainten

Establishment of two ecological platforms at Concordia on the Baltoro Glacier for the sustainable management human waste

One of the most relevant problems for the conservation of the Baltoro Glacier is represented by the impact of the human solid and liquid waste and the lack of sanitation in the glacier, in particular in Concordia and Urdukas areas where is  the major load of human presence caused by both  tourism and military fluxes. To manage the human waste produced on the glaciers 2 modular toilet system will be installed at Concordia. The systems can be assembled in series with others for the realization of bigger system. In this sense this activity can be considered a pilot project for management of human waste in remote high altitude locations in CKNP. Each module of the system is made out of inox steel in order to be durable and it is covered by a PVC tent which is easily transportable during winter season, when the system is not used. The platform is easy to be disassembled by local staff and transported for the winter replacement. The activity also includes the establishment of a management system, run by local staff, who will maintain the system and ensure proper disposal of the toilet tanks if they are full.

eco platform at conc

 Carry out solid waste cleanup campaigns on major trekking routes

Carrying out annual cleanup campaign for the first three years of the project along the trekking routs towards Golden peak, Spantik Base camp, Chomolungma glacier, Shimshal Valley and Hushay campsite towards Gondogoro and the last two years cleaning campaigns will be conducted in Baltoro.

concordia waste mgtg

 Improve hospitality services regarding quality and social and environmental sustainability

Assessing the training needs at local scale and main tourist centres to evaluate workflow. Based on this assessment a handbook for eco-sustainable tourism improvements will be developed and made available. 2 courses in hotel management, operation and services will be held and 3 local workshops for guides, porters and local service providers on waste management, hygiene and visitor lodging will be held



Carry out training courses for trekking leaders and guides

Conducting 5 certified training courses, with 20-25 participants each around 40-50% of the trekking guides active in CKNP area. The trainings focus on improvement of  the quality of the guides’ work, regarding: safety, search and rescue operations, first ad, language skills, cultural sensitivity, environmental  issues, management, Mountaineering and trekking Rules and Regulations set out by the Ministry of Tourism,

trainign course

Assessment and mapping of historic settlements and places of architectural value

Investigating current architectural situation in Shigar valley in Skardu. These places host a significant variety of architectural exteriors and building styles which however have not been evaluated systematically and thus cannot be exploited as tourist attractions. This activity comprises the identification of the building typology, the main construction techniques, local building materials. The historical settlements will be mapped.


Assess and promote cultural heritage of CKNP and buffer zone

Carrying out surveys to investigate the ethno-anthropological heritage of CKNP, with a view to the recovery and valorization of the cultural assets of this area. Obtaining Information on tangible and intangible cultural heritage: material culture object (any kind of artifacts, for example: furniture, household utensils, craftsmen’s tools, amulets, musical instruments etc.), rural settlements, dwellings, cultural landscapes; oral tradition, religion, traditions and festivals, rituals, traditional music and dance, social practice, professional skills, languages. Developing Maps based on the findings dissemination and promotion material, scientific publications and an exhibition will be held

Renovate traditional architecture and village-layouts in Askole

Sustainable restoration of traditional architecture in Askole working to achieve the involvement of local people.


Establishment of a cultural/historical museum in Askole

Establishment of historical museum in Askole and handing over to community. This will include restoration of the museum premises, procurement and collection of museum items, training of local people to manage and maintain the museum

Identification and promotion of cultural heritage-trekking routes

Identification and promotion of a cultural heritage-trekking route (from Skardu to Askole)


 Support (traditional) woodworking craftsmanship

Establishment of 2 display and production centers in Gilgit and Skardu with permanent staff. Two months training of 84 local craftsmen on traditional woodworking skills and development of manual on woodworking techniques. It also includes participatory learning workshops, exhibition and establishment of marketing channels.


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